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Jeffrey S. Cramer

Jeffrey S. Cramer is editor of the forthcoming: What I Lived For: An Annotated Selection from Thoreau’s Journals. He is the Curator of Collections at the Thoreau Institute at Walden Woods, and has also edited Walden: A Fully Annotated Edition and Thoreau on Freedom: Attending to an: Selected Writings of Henry David Thoreau. Cramer’s essays and other writings have appeared in The Massachusetts Review, The Literary Review, and The Formalist, among others, and have appeared in such collections as Contemporary Literary Criticism and The Robert Frost Encyclopedia.

On Migration and the Migratory Instinct

23 March 1856: I spend a considerable portion of my time observing the habits of the wild animals, my brute neighbors. By their various movements and migrations they fetch the year about to me. Very significant are the flight of…